Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

v3.21.1
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Consolidations
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared using the accounting records of Inpixon, Inpixon Canada, Inpixon Germany, Inpixon UK, Nanotron and Inpixon India. All material inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during each of the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company’s significant estimates consist of:
the valuation of stock-based compensation;
the valuation of the assets and liabilities acquired of Locality, GTX, Jibestream, Sysat, Ten Degrees, and Nanotron as described in Note 3, Note 4, Note 5, Note 6, Note 7, and Note 8 respectively, as well as the valuation of the Company’s common shares issued in the transaction;
the allowance for doubtful accounts;
The valuation of loans receivable;
the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets; and
impairment of long-lived assets and goodwill.
Business Combinations
The Company accounts for business combinations under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805 “Business Combinations” using the acquisition method of accounting, and accordingly, the assets and liabilities of the acquired business are recorded at their fair values at the date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value is recorded as goodwill. All acquisition costs are expensed as incurred. Upon acquisition, the accounts and results of operations are consolidated as of and subsequent to the acquisition date.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash, checking accounts, money market accounts and temporary investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company had no cash equivalents.
Restricted Cash
In connection with certain transactions, the Company may be required to deposit assets, including cash or investment shares, in escrow accounts. The assets held in escrow are subject to various contingencies that may exist with respect to such transactions. Upon resolution of those contingencies or the expiration of the escrow period, some or all the escrow amounts may be used and the balance released to the Company. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had and $72,000 deposited in escrow as restricted cash for the Shoom acquisition, of which any amounts not subject to claims shall be released to the pre-acquisition stockholders of Shoom pro-rata on the next anniversary of the closing date of the Shoom acquisition. The restricted cash balance was included in Prepaid Assets and Other Current Assets on the consolidated balance sheet. As of December 31, 2020, there was no balance of restricted cash as all amounts related to the Shoom acquisition were released from escrow and paid to the Shoom pre-acquisition stockholders prior to that date.
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported in the balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts show in the statement of cash flows.
As of December 31,
(in thousands) 2020 2019
Cash and cash equivalents $ 17,996  $ 4,777 
Restricted cash —  72 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash in the balance sheet $ 17,996  $ 4,849 
Accounts Receivable, net and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Accounts receivables are stated at the amount the Company expects to collect. The Company recognizes an allowance for doubtful accounts to ensure accounts receivables are not overstated due to un-collectability. Bad debt reserves are maintained for various customers based on a variety of factors, including the length of time the receivables are past due, significant one-time events and historical experience. An additional reserve for individual accounts is recorded when the Company becomes aware of a customer’s inability to meet its financial obligation, such as in the case of bankruptcy filings, or deterioration in such customer’s operating results or financial position. If circumstances related to a customer change, estimates of the recoverability of receivables would be further adjusted. The Company has recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $235,000 and $646,000 as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Inventory
Finished goods are measured at the cost of manufactured products including direct materials and subcontracted services. The Company's latest acquisition, Nanotron, states finished goods at the lower of cost and net realizable value on an average cost basis. As the inventory held by Nanotron is typically small dollar value items with small variances in price, an estimate or average is used to determine the balance of inventory. All other subsidiaries of the Company state inventory utilizing the first-
in, first-out method. The Company continually analyzes its slow-moving, excess and obsolete inventories. Based on historical and projected sales volumes and anticipated selling prices, the Company establishes reserves. If the Company does not meet its sales expectations, these reserves are increased. Products that are determined to be obsolete are written down to net realizable value. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized inventory obsolescence of approximately $138,000 and $0, respectively.
Short-term investments
Investments with maturities greater than 90 days but less than one year are classified as short-term investments on the consolidated balance sheets and consist of US Treasury Bills. Accrued interest on US Treasury bills are also classified as short term investment.
Our short-term investments are considered available for use in current operations, are classified as available-for-sale securities. Available for sale securities are carried at fair value, with an unrealized loss of approximately $2,000.
Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. The Company depreciates its property and equipment for financial reporting purposes using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range from 3 to 10 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the useful life of the asset or the initial lease term. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs, which do not extend the economic useful life of the related assets, are charged to operations as incurred, and expenditures, which extend the economic life, are capitalized. When assets are retired, or otherwise disposed of, the costs and related accumulated depreciation or amortization are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss on disposal is recognized.
Intangible Assets
Intangible assets primarily consist of developed technology, customer lists/relationships, non-compete agreements, intellectual property agreements, export licenses and trade names/trademarks. They are amortized ratably over a range of 1 to 15 years, which approximates customer attrition rate and technology obsolescence. The Company assesses the carrying value of its intangible assets for impairment each year. Based on its assessments, the Company did not incur any impairment charges for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Acquired In-Process Research and Development (“IPR&D”)
In accordance with authoritative guidance, the Company recognizes IPR&D at fair value as of the acquisition date, and subsequently accounts for it as an indefinite-lived intangible asset until completion or abandonment of the associated research and development efforts. Once an IPR&D project has been completed, the useful life of the IPR&D asset is determined and amortized accordingly. If the IPR&D asset is abandoned, the remaining carrying value is written off. During fiscal year 2014, the Company acquired IPR&D through the acquisition of AirPatrol, in 2015 through the acquisition of the assets of LightMiner, in 2019 through the acquisitions of Locality, Jibestream and certain assets of GTX and in 2020 through the SYSTAT licensing agreement, the acquisition of certain assets of Ten Degrees, and the acquisition of Nanotron. The Company's IPR&D is comprised of AirPatrol, LightMiner, Locality, Jibestream, GTX, SYSTAT, Ten Degrees, and Nanotron, which was valued on the date of the acquisition. It will take additional financial resources to continue development of these technologies.
The Company continues to seek additional resources, through both capital raising efforts and meeting with industry experts, for further development of the AirPatrol, Locality, Jibestream, GTX, SYSTAT, Ten Degrees, and Nanotron technologies. Through December 31, 2020, the Company has made some progress with raising capital since these acquisitions, building their pipeline and getting industry acknowledgment. The Company has been recognized by leading industry analysts in a report on leading indoor positioning companies and was also awarded the IoT Security Excellence award by TMC and Crossfire Media. Management remains focused on growing revenue from these products and continues to pursue efforts to recognize the value of the AirPatrol, Locality, Jibestream, GTX, SYSTAT, Ten Degrees. and Nanotron technologies. Although there can be no assurance that these efforts will be successful, the Company intends to allocate financial and personnel resources when deemed
possible and/or necessary. If the Company chooses to abandon these efforts, or if the Company determines that such funding is not available, the related IPR&D will be subject to significant impairment.
Goodwill
The Company tests goodwill for potential impairment at least annually, or more frequently if an event or other circumstance indicates that the Company may not be able to recover the carrying amount of the net assets of the reporting unit. The Company has determined that the reporting unit is the entire company, due to the integration of all of the Company’s activities. In evaluating goodwill for impairment, the Company may assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50%) that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If the Company bypasses the qualitative assessment, or if the Company concludes that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, then the Company performs a quantitative impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount.
The Company calculates the estimated fair value of a reporting unit using a weighting of the income and market approaches. For the income approach, the Company uses internally developed discounted cash flow models that include the following assumptions, among others: projections of revenues, expenses, and related cash flows based on assumed long-term growth rates and demand trends; expected future investments to grow new units; and estimated discount rates. For the market approach, the Company uses internal analyses based primarily on market comparables. The Company bases these assumptions on its historical data and experience, third party appraisals, industry projections, micro and macro general economic condition projections, and its expectations.
The Company performed the annual impairment test as of December 31, 2020 and did not record impairment of goodwill during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Other Long Term Investments
The Company invests in certain equity-method investments: When the Company does not have a controlling financial interest in an entity but can exert significant influence over the entity’s operating and financial policies, the investment is accounted for either (i) under the equity method of accounting or (ii) at fair value by electing the fair value option available under U.S. GAAP. The Company accounted for its equity investment under the equity method of accounting, as the Company is deemed to have significant influence. The Company generally recognizes its share of the equity method investee’s earnings on a three-month lag in instances where the investee’s financial information is not sufficiently timely from the Company’s reporting period.
Software Development Costs
The Company develops and utilizes internal software for the processing of data provided by its customers. Costs incurred in this effort are accounted for under the provisions of ASC 350-40, "Internal Use Software" and ASC 985-20, "Software – Cost of Software to be Sold, Leased or Marketed", whereby direct costs related to development and enhancement of internal use software is capitalized, and costs related to maintenance are expensed as incurred. The Company capitalizes its direct internal costs of labor and associated employee benefits that qualify as development or enhancement. These software development costs are amortized over the estimated useful life which management has determined ranges from 1 to 5 years.
Research and Development
Research and development costs consist primarily of professional fees and compensation expense. All research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Research and development costs as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $6.5 million and $3.9 million, respectively.
Loans and Notes Receivable
The Company evaluates loans and notes receivable that don’t qualify as securities pursuant to ASC 310 – "Receivables", wherein such loans would first be classified as either “held for investment” or ‘held for sale”. Loans would be classified as
“held for investment”, if the Company has the intent and ability to hold the loan for the foreseeable future, or to maturity or pay-off. Loans would be classified as “held for sale”, if the Company intends to sell the loan. Loan receivables classified as “held for investment” are carried on the balance sheet at their amortized cost and are periodically evaluated for impairment. Loan receivables classified as “held for sale” are carried on the balance sheet at the lower of their amortized cost or fair value, with a valuation allowance being recorded (with a corresponding income statement charge) if the amortized cost exceeds the fair value. For loans carried on the balance sheet at fair value, changes to the fair value amount that relate solely to the passage of time will be recorded as interest income.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Accordingly, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in the tax rate is recognized in income or expense in the period that the change is effective. Income tax benefits are recognized when it is probable that the deduction will be sustained. A valuation allowance is established when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will either expire before the Company is able to realize the benefit, or that future deductibility is uncertain.
Non-Controlling Interest
The Company has an 82.5% equity interest in Inpixon India as of December 31, 2020. The portion of the Company’s equity attributable to this third party non-controlling interest was approximately $41,000 and $26,000 as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Foreign Currency Translation
Assets and liabilities related to the Company’s foreign operations are calculated using the Indian Rupee, Canadian Dollar, British Pound and Euro, and are translated at end-of-period exchange rates, while the related revenues and expenses are translated at average exchange rates prevailing during the period. Translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component of consolidated stockholders’ equity, totaling a gain of approximately $566,000 and $68,000 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Gains or losses resulting from transactions denominated in foreign currencies are included in other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company engages in foreign currency denominated transactions with customers that operate in functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Aggregate foreign currency net transaction losses were not material for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The Company reports comprehensive income (loss) and its components in its consolidated financial statements. Comprehensive loss consists of net loss, foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gains and losses from marketable securities, affecting stockholders’ (deficit) equity that, under GAAP, are excluded from net loss.
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue when control is transfered of the promised products or services to its customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those products or services. The Company derives revenue from software as a service, design and implementation services for its Indoor Intelligence systems, and professional services for work performed in conjunction with its systems.
Hardware and Software Revenue Recognition

For sales of hardware and software products, the Company’s performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time when they are shipped to the customer. This is when the customer has title to the product and the risks and rewards of ownership. The delivery of products to Inpixon's customers occurs in a variety of ways, including (i) as a physical product shipped from the Company’s warehouse, (ii) via drop-shipment by a third-party vendor, or (iii) via electronic delivery with respect to software licenses. The
Company leverages drop-ship arrangements with many of its vendors and suppliers to deliver products to customers without having to physically hold the inventory at its warehouse. In such arrangements, the Company negotiates the sale price with the customer, pays the supplier directly for the product shipped, bears credit risk of collecting payment from its customers and is ultimately responsible for the acceptability of the product and ensuring that such product meets the standards and requirements of the customer. Accordingly, the Company is the principal in the transaction with the customer and records revenue on a gross basis. The Company receives fixed consideration for sales of hardware and software products. The Company’s customers generally pay within 30 to 60 days from the receipt of a customer approved invoice. The Company has elected the practical expedient to expense the costs of obtaining a contract when they are incurred because the amortization period of the asset that otherwise would have been recognized is less than a year.
Software As A Service Revenue Recognition
With respect to sales of the Company’s maintenance, consulting and other service agreements including the Company’s digital advertising and electronic services, customers pay fixed monthly fees in exchange for the Company’s service. The Company’s performance obligation is satisfied over time as the digital advertising and electronic services are provided continuously throughout the service period. The Company recognizes revenue evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing continuous access to its service.
Professional Services Revenue Recognition
The Company’s professional services include milestone, fixed fee and time and materials contracts.
Professional services under milestone contracts are accounted for using the percentage of completion method. As soon as the outcome of a contract can be estimated reliably, contract revenue is recognized in the consolidated statement of operations in proportion to the stage of completion of the contract. Contract costs are expensed as incurred. Contract costs include all amounts that relate directly to the specific contract, are attributable to contract activity, and are specifically chargeable to the customer under the terms of the contract.
Professional services are also contracted on the fixed fee and time and materials basis. Fixed fees are paid monthly, in phases, or upon acceptance of deliverables. The Company’s time and materials contracts are paid weekly or monthly based on hours worked. Revenue on time and material contracts is recognized based on a fixed hourly rate as direct labor hours are expended. Materials, or other specified direct costs, are reimbursed as actual costs and may include markup. The Company has elected the practical expedient to recognize revenue for the right to invoice because the Company’s right to consideration corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the performance completed to date. For fixed fee contracts including maintenance service provided by in house personnel, the Company recognizes revenue evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing continuous service. Because the Company’s contracts have an expected duration of one year or less, the Company has elected the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-50-14(a) to not disclose information about its remaining performance obligations. Anticipated losses are recognized as soon as they become known. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company did not incur any such losses. These amounts are based on known and estimated factors.
SAVES by Inpixon Revenue Recognition
SAVES by Inpixon ("SAVES", formerly Systat) is a comprehensive set of data analytics and statistical visualization solutions for engineers and scientists.The Company enters into contracts with its customers whereby it grants a non-exclusive on-premise license for the use of its proprietary software. The contracts provide for either (i) a one year stated term with a one year renewal option, (ii) a perpetual term or (iii) a two year term for students with the option to upgrade to a perpetual license at the end of the term. The contracts may also provide for yearly on-going maintenance services for a specified price, which includes maintenance services, designated support, and enhancements, upgrades and improvements to the software (the “Maintenance Services”), depending on the contract. Licenses for on-premises software provide the customer with a right to use the software as it exists when made available to the customer. All software provides customers with the same functionality and differ mainly in the duration over which the customer benefits from the software.
The timing of the Company's revenue recognition related to the SAVES revenue stream is dependent on whether the software licensing agreement entered into represents a good or service. Software that relies on an entity’s IP and is delivered only through a hosting arrangement, where the customer cannot take possession of the software, is a service. A software arrangement
that is provided through an access code or key represents the transfer of a good. Licenses for on-premises software represents a good and provide the customer with a right to use the software as it exists when made available to the customer. Customers may purchase perpetual licenses or subscribe to licenses, which provide customers with the same functionality and differ mainly in the duration over which the customer benefits from the software. Revenue from distinct on-premises licenses is recognized upfront at the point in time when the software is made available to the customer.
Renewals or extensions of licenses are evaluated as distinct licenses (i.e., a distinct good or service), and revenue attributed to the distinct good or service cannot be recognized until (1) the entity provides the distinct license (or makes the license available) to the customer and (2) the customer is able to use and benefit from the distinct license. Renewal contracts are not combined with original contracts, and, as a result, the renewal right is evaluated in the same manner as all other additional rights granted after the initial contract. The revenue is not recognized until the customer can begin to use and benefit from the license, which is typically at the beginning of the license renewal period. Therefore, the Company recognizes revenue resulting from renewal of licensed software at a point in time, specifically, at the beginning of the license renewal period.
The Company recognizes revenue related to Maintenance Services evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing continuous service and the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by the Company’s performance as the services are performed.
Contract Balances
The timing of the Company’s revenue recognition may differ from the timing of payment by its customers. The Company records a receivable when revenue is recognized prior to payment and the Company has an unconditional right to payment. Alternatively, when payment precedes the provision of the related services, the Company records deferred revenue until the performance obligations are satisfied. The Company had deferred revenue of approximately $1,922,000 and $912,000 as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to cash received in advance for product maintenance services and professional services provided by the Company’s technical staff. The Company expects to satisfy its remaining performance obligations for these maintenance services and professional services, and recognize the deferred revenue and related contract costs over the next twelve months.
Shipping and Handling Costs
Shipping and handling costs are expensed as incurred as part of cost of revenues. These costs were deemed to be nominal during each of the reporting periods.
Advertising Costs
Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. The Company incurred advertising costs, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses of approximately $1.3 million and $19,000 during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company initiated an advertising campaign totaling approximately $1.3 million, resulting in the substantial increase of advertising costs compared to the year ended December 31, 2019.
Stock-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for options granted to employees by measuring the cost of services received in exchange for the award of equity instruments based upon the fair value of the award on the date of grant. The fair value of that award is then ratably recognized as an expense over the period during which the recipient is required to provide services in exchange for that award.
Options and warrants granted to consultants and other non-employees are recorded at fair value as of the grant date and subsequently adjusted to fair value at the end of each reporting period until such options and warrants vest, and the fair value of such instruments, as adjusted, is expensed over the related vesting period.
The Company measures the cost of services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the fair value of the award. The fair value of the award is measured on the grant date and recognized over the period services are required to be provided in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. Forfeitures of unvested stock options are recorded when they occur.
The Company incurred stock-based compensation charges of approximately $1.2 million and $3.5 million for each of the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, which are included in general and administrative expenses. The following table summarizes such charges for the periods then ended (in thousands):
For the Years Ended
December 31,
2020 2019
Compensation and related benefits $ 1,194  $ 3,247 
Professional and legal fees —  242 
Totals $ 1,194  $ 3,489 
Net Loss Per Share
The Company computes basic and diluted earnings per share by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Basic and diluted net loss per common share were the same since the inclusion of common shares issuable pursuant to the exercise of options and warrants in the calculation of diluted net loss per common shares would have been anti-dilutive.
The following table summarizes the number of common shares and common share equivalents excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per common share for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
For the Years Ended
December 31,
2020 2019
Options 5,450,057  121,796 
Warrants 8,093,250  93,252 
Convertible preferred stock 846  846 
Totals 13,544,153  215,894 
Preferred Stock
The Company relies on the guidance provided by ASC 480, "Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity", to classify certain redeemable and/or convertible instruments. Preferred shares subject to mandatory redemption are classified as liability instruments and are measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable preferred shares (including preferred shares that feature redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company’s control) are classified as temporary equity. At all other times, preferred shares are classified as permanent equity.
The Company also follows the guidance provided by ASC 815 "Derivatives and Hedging", which states that contracts that are both, (1) indexed to its own stock and (2) classified in stockholders’ equity in its statement of financial position, are not classified as derivative instruments, and to be recorded under stockholder's equity on the balance sheet of the financial statements. Management assessed the preferred stock and determined that it did meet the scope exception under ASC 815, and would be recorded as equity, and not a derivative instrument, on the balance sheet of the Company's financial statements.
Fair Value Measurements

ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements, provides guidance on the development and disclosure of fair value measurements. The Company follows this authoritative guidance for fair value measurements, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The guidance requires fair value measurements be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets but corroborated by market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity and values determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, or similar techniques, as well as instruments for which the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation.

Fair value measurements discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of and during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, notes receivable, accounts payable, and short-term debt. The Company determines the estimated fair value of such financial instruments presented in these financial statements using available market information and appropriate methodologies. These financial instruments, except for short-term debt, are stated at their respective historical carrying amounts, which approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. Short-term debt approximates market value based on similar terms available to the Company in the market place.
Carrying Value, Recoverability and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company has adopted Section 360-10-35 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for its long-lived assets. Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 360-10-35-17, an impairment loss shall be recognized only if the carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) is not recoverable and exceeds its fair value. The carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the asset (asset group). That assessment shall be based on the carrying amount of the asset (asset group) at the date it is tested for recoverability. An impairment loss shall be measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) exceeds its fair value. Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 360-10-35-20 if an impairment loss is recognized, the adjusted carrying amount of a long-lived asset shall be its new cost basis. For a depreciable long-lived asset, the new cost basis shall be depreciated (amortized) over the remaining useful life of that asset. Restoration of a previously recognized impairment loss is prohibited.
Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 360-10-35-21, the Company’s long-lived asset (asset group) is tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. The Company considers the following to be some examples of such events or changes in circumstances that may trigger an impairment review: (a) significant decrease in the market price of a long-lived asset (asset group); (b) a significant adverse change in the extent or manner in which a long-lived asset (asset group) is being used or in its physical condition; (c) a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate that could affect the value of a long-lived asset (asset group), including an adverse action or assessment by a regulator; (d) an accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of a long-lived asset (asset group); (e) a current-period operating or cash flow loss combined with a history of operating or cash flow losses or a projection or forecast that demonstrates continuing losses associated with the use of a long-lived asset (asset group); and (f) a current expectation that, more likely than not, a long-lived asset (asset group) will be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of its previously estimated useful life. The Company tests its long-lived assets for potential impairment indicators at least annually and more frequently upon the occurrence of such events.
Based on its assessments, the Company did not record any impairment charges for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 introduces a new forward-looking approach, based on expected losses, to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables. The estimate of expected credit losses will require entities to incorporate considerations of historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts. ASU 2016-13 also expands the disclosure requirements to enable users of financial
statements to understand the entity’s assumptions, models and methods for estimating expected credit losses. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10 Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842) clarifying effective dates for the impacted ASUs. For public business entities that meet the definition of an SEC filer and smaller reporting company, ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022, and the guidance is to be applied using the modified retrospective approach. Earlier adoption is permitted for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has adopted this standard and the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” (“ASU 2018-13”). ASU 2018-13 requires application of the prospective method of transition (for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption) to the new disclosure requirements for (1) changes in unrealized gains and losses included in other comprehensive income and (2) the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. ASU 2018-13 also requires prospective application to any modifications to disclosures made because of the change to the requirements for the narrative description of measurement uncertainty. ASU 2018-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company has evaluated this standard and adoption does not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financials or disclosures.
In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments (“ASU 2019-04”) and in May 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2019-05, Financial Instruments--Credit Losses (Topic 326) (“ASU 2019-05”). These amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years with early application permitted. The Company has adopted this standard and the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740) Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” (“ASU 2019-12”) which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. ASU 2019-12 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2021. The Company does not expect this ASU will have a material effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-01, "Investments—Equity Securities, Investments—Equity Method and Joint Ventures, and Derivatives and Hedging" ("ASU 2020-01"), which clarifies the interaction of the accounting for equity securities under Topic 321, the accounting for equity method investments in Topic 323, and the accounting for certain forward contracts and purchased options in Topic 815. The effective date of the standard will be for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance and does not expect the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
In February 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-02, “Financial Statements - Credit losses (Topic 326) and Leases (Topic 842) - Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 119 and Update to SEC Section on Effective Date Relating to Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842)” (“ASU 2020-02”), which provides guidance on the measurement and requirements related to credit losses. The new guidance was effective upon issuance of this final accounting standards update. The Company has adopted this standard and the adoption did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-10, "Codification Improvements" ("ASU 2020-10"), which updates various codification topics by clarifying or improving disclosure requirements to align with the SEC’s regulations. The effective date of the standard will be for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020 for public entities. The Company will adopt ASU 2020-10 as of the reporting period beginning January 1, 2021. The adoption of this update is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Reverse Stock Split
On January 7, 2020, the Company effected a 1-for-45 reverse stock split of its outstanding common stock. The consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes give effect to the reverse stock split as if it occurred at the beginning of the first period presented.
Subsequent Events
The Company evaluates events and/or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date and before the issue date of the consolidated financial statements to determine if any of those events and/or transactions requires adjustment to or disclosure in the consolidated financial statements.