Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Consolidations

Consolidations

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared using the accounting records of Inpixon, Inpixon Canada, Jibestream and Inpixon India. All material inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Use of Estimates

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during each of the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company's significant estimates consist of:

 

  the valuation of stock-based compensation;
     
  the valuation of the assets and liabilities acquired of Locality, GTX and Jibestream as described in Notes 3, 4 and 5, respectively, as well as the valuation of the Company's common shares issued in the transaction;
     
  the allowance for doubtful accounts;
     
  The valuation of loans receivable;
     
  the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets; and
     
  impairment of long-lived assets and goodwill.
Business Combinations

Business Combinations

 

The Company accounts for business combinations under Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805 "Business Combinations" using the acquisition method of accounting, and accordingly, the assets and liabilities of the acquired business are recorded at their fair values at the date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value is recorded as goodwill. All acquisition costs are expensed as incurred. Upon acquisition, the accounts and results of operations are consolidated as of and subsequent to the acquisition date. 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash, checking accounts, money market accounts and temporary investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had no cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

Restricted Cash

 

In connection with certain transactions, the Company may be required to deposit assets, including cash or investment shares, in escrow accounts. The assets held in escrow are subject to various contingencies that may exist with respect to such transactions. Upon resolution of those contingencies or the expiration of the escrow period, some or all the escrow amounts may be used and the balance released to the Company. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had $72,000 and $140,000, respectively, deposited in escrow as restricted cash for the Shoom acquisition, of which any amounts not subject to claims shall be released to the pre-acquisition stockholders of Shoom pro-rata on the next anniversary dates of the closing date of the Shoom acquisition. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, $72,000 and $70,000, respectively, was current and included in Prepaid Assets and Other Current Assets on the consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, $0 and $70,000 was non-current and included in Other Assets on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts show in the statement of cash flows.

 

    For the
Years Ended
December 31,
 
(in thousands)   2019     2018  
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 4,777     $ 1,008  
Restricted cash     72       70  
Restricted cash included in other assets, noncurrent     --       70  
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash in the balance sheet   $ 4,849     $ 1,148  
Accounts Receivable, net and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Accounts Receivable, net and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

Accounts receivables are stated at the amount the Company expects to collect. The Company recognizes an allowance for doubtful accounts to ensure accounts receivables are not overstated due to un-collectability. Bad debt reserves are maintained for various customers based on a variety of factors, including the length of time the receivables are past due, significant one-time events and historical experience. An additional reserve for individual accounts is recorded when the Company becomes aware of a customer's inability to meet its financial obligation, such as in the case of bankruptcy filings, or deterioration in such customer's operating results or financial position. If circumstances related to a customer change, estimates of the recoverability of receivables would be further adjusted. The Company has recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $646,000 and $464,000 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Inventory

Inventory

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value utilizing the first-in, first-out method. The Company continually analyzes its slow-moving, excess and obsolete inventories. Based on historical and projected sales volumes and anticipated selling prices, the Company establishes reserves. If the Company does not meet its sales expectations, these reserves are increased. Products that are determined to be obsolete are written down to net realizable value. As of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company deemed any such allowance nominal.

Property and Equipment, net

Property and Equipment, net

 

Property and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. The Company depreciates its property and equipment for financial reporting purposes using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range from 3 to 7 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the useful life of the asset or the initial lease term. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs, which do not extend the economic useful life of the related assets, are charged to operations as incurred, and expenditures, which extend the economic life, are capitalized. When assets are retired, or otherwise disposed of, the costs and related accumulated depreciation or amortization are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss on disposal is recognized.

Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets primarily consist of developed technology, customer lists/relationships, non-compete agreements, export licenses and trade names/trademarks. They are amortized ratably over a range of 1 to 15 years, which approximates customer attrition rate and technology obsolescence. The Company assesses the carrying value of its intangible assets for impairment each year. Based on its assessments, the Company did not incur any impairment charges for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Goodwill

Goodwill

 

The Company tests goodwill for potential impairment at least annually, or more frequently if an event or other circumstance indicates that the Company may not be able to recover the carrying amount of the net assets of the reporting unit. The Company has determined that the reporting unit is the entire company, due to the integration of all of the Company's activities. In evaluating goodwill for impairment, the Company may assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50%) that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If the Company bypasses the qualitative assessment, or if the Company concludes that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, then the Company performs a quantitative impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount.

 

The Company calculates the estimated fair value of a reporting unit using a weighting of the income and market approaches. For the income approach, the Company uses internally developed discounted cash flow models that include the following assumptions, among others: projections of revenues, expenses, and related cash flows based on assumed long-term growth rates and demand trends; expected future investments to grow new units; and estimated discount rates. For the market approach, the Company uses internal analyses based primarily on market comparables. The Company bases these assumptions on its historical data and experience, third party appraisals, industry projections, micro and macro general economic condition projections, and its expectations.

 

The Company performed the annual impairment test and recorded an impairment charge for goodwill of $0 and $636,000 during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

Software Development Costs

Software Development Costs

 

The Company develops and utilizes internal software for the processing of data provided by its customers. Costs incurred in this effort are accounted for under the provisions of ASC 350-40, Internal Use Software and ASC 985-20, Software – Cost of Software to be Sold, Leased or Marketed, whereby direct costs related to development and enhancement of internal use software is capitalized, and costs related to maintenance are expensed as incurred. The Company capitalizes its direct internal costs of labor and associated employee benefits that qualify as development or enhancement. These software development costs are amortized over the estimated useful life which management has determined ranges from 1 to 5 years.

Research and Development

Research and Development

 

Research and development costs consist primarily of professional fees and compensation expense. All research and development costs are expensed as incurred.

Loans and Notes Receivable

Loans and Notes Receivable

 

The Company evaluates loans and notes receivable that don't qualify as securities pursuant to ASC 310 – Receivables, wherein such loans would first be classified as either "held for investment" or 'held for sale". Loans would be classified as "held for investment", if the Company has the intent and ability to hold the loan for the foreseeable future, or to maturity or pay-off. Loans would be classified as "held for sale", if the Company intends to sell the loan. Loan receivables classified as "held for investment" are carried on the balance sheet at their amortized cost and are periodically evaluated for impairment. Loan receivables classified as "held for sale" are carried on the balance sheet at the lower of their amortized cost or fair value, with a valuation allowance being recorded (with a corresponding income statement charge) if the amortized cost exceeds the fair value. For loans carried on the balance sheet at fair value, changes to the fair value amount that relate solely to the passage of time will be recorded as interest income.

Income Taxes

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Accordingly, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in the tax rate is recognized in income or expense in the period that the change is effective. Income tax benefits are recognized when it is probable that the deduction will be sustained. A valuation allowance is established when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will either expire before the Company is able to realize the benefit, or that future deductibility is uncertain.

Non-Controlling Interest

Non-Controlling Interest

 

The Company has an 82.5% equity interest in Inpixon India as of December 31, 2019. The portion of the Company's equity attributable to this third party non-controlling interest was approximately $26,000 and $18,000 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Foreign Currency Translation

Foreign Currency Translation

 

Assets and liabilities related to the Company's foreign operations are calculated using the Indian Rupee and Canadian Dollar and are translated at end-of-period exchange rates, while the related revenues and expenses are translated at average exchange rates prevailing during the period. Translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component of consolidated stockholders' equity, totaling a gain of $68,000 and a loss of $5,000 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Gains or losses resulting from transactions denominated in foreign currencies are included in other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company engages in foreign currency denominated transactions with customers that operate in functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Aggregate foreign currency net transaction losses were not material for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

The Company reports comprehensive income (loss) and its components in its consolidated financial statements. Comprehensive loss consists of net loss, foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gains and losses from marketable securities, affecting stockholders' (deficit) equity that, under GAAP, are excluded from net loss.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition

 

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-08, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Principal versus Agent Considerations", in April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) - Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing" and in May 9, 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)", or ASU 2016-12. This update provides clarifying guidance regarding the application of ASU No. 2014-09 - Revenue From Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), ("ASU 2014-09"). These new standards provide for a single, principles-based model for revenue recognition that replaces the existing revenue recognition guidance. In July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 until annual and interim periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017 and has replaced most existing revenue recognition guidance under GAAP. ASU 2016-12 may be applied retrospectively to historical periods presented or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company has adopted ASU 2016-12 using a modified retrospective approach and will be applied prospectively in the Company's financial statements from January 1, 2018 forward. Revenues under ASU 2016-12 are required to be recognized either at a "point in time" or "over time", depending on the facts and circumstances of the arrangement, and will be evaluated using a five-step model. The adoption of Topic 606 did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements, neither at initial implementation nor will it have a material impact on an ongoing basis.

 

Software As A Service Revenue Recognition

 

With respect to sales of the Company's maintenance, consulting and other service agreements including the Company's digital advertising and electronic services, customers pay fixed monthly fees in exchange for the Company's service. The Company's performance obligation is satisfied over time as the digital advertising and electronic services are provided continuously throughout the service period. The Company recognizes revenue evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing continuous access to its service. 

 

Mapping Services Revenue Recognition

 

Mapping services revenue is accounted for using the percentage of completion method. As soon as the outcome of a contract can be estimated reliably, contract revenue is recognized in the consolidated statement of operations in proportion to the stage of completion of the contract. Contract costs are expensed as incurred. Contract costs include all amounts that relate directly to the specific contract, are attributable to contract activity, and are specifically chargeable to the customer under the terms of the contract.

 

Professional Services Revenue Recognition

 

The Company's professional services include fixed fee and time and materials contracts. Fixed fees are paid monthly, in phases, or upon acceptance of deliverables. The Company's time and materials contracts are paid weekly or monthly based on hours worked. Revenue on time and material contracts is recognized based on a fixed hourly rate as direct labor hours are expended. Materials, or other specified direct costs, are reimbursed as actual costs and may include markup. The Company has elected the practical expedient to recognize revenue for the right to invoice because the Company's right to consideration corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the performance completed to date. For fixed fee contracts including maintenance service provided by in house personnel, the Company recognizes revenue evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing continuous service. Because the Company's contracts have an expected duration of one year or less, the Company has elected the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-50-14(a) to not disclose information about its remaining performance obligations. Anticipated losses are recognized as soon as they become known. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not incur any such losses. These amounts are based on known and estimated factors.

 

Contract Balances

 

The timing of the Company's revenue recognition may differ from the timing of payment by its customers. The Company records a receivable when revenue is recognized prior to payment and the Company has an unconditional right to payment. Alternatively, when payment precedes the provision of the related services, the Company records deferred revenue until the performance obligations are satisfied. The Company had deferred revenue of approximately $912,000 and $234,000 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, related to cash received in advance for product maintenance services and professional services provided by the Company's technical staff. The Company expects to satisfy its remaining performance obligations for these maintenance services and professional services, and recognize the deferred revenue and related contract costs over the next twelve months.

Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and Handling Costs

 

Shipping and handling costs are expensed as incurred as part of cost of revenues. These costs were deemed to be nominal during each of the reporting periods.

Advertising Costs

Advertising Costs

 

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising costs, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses, were deemed to be nominal during each of the reporting periods.

Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for options granted to employees by measuring the cost of services received in exchange for the award of equity instruments based upon the fair value of the award on the date of grant. The fair value of that award is then ratably recognized as an expense over the period during which the recipient is required to provide services in exchange for that award. 

 

Options and warrants granted to consultants and other non-employees are recorded at fair value as of the grant date and subsequently adjusted to fair value at the end of each reporting period until such options and warrants vest, and the fair value of such instruments, as adjusted, is expensed over the related vesting period.  

 

The Company measures the cost of services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the fair value of the award. The fair value of the award is measured on the grant date and recognized over the period services are required to be provided in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. Forfeitures of unvested stock options are recorded when they occur.

 

The Company incurred stock-based compensation charges of $3.5 million and $1.5 million for each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which are included in general and administrative expenses. The following table summarizes the nature of such charges for the periods then ended (in thousands):  

 

   

For the Years Ended

December 31,

 
    2019     2018  
Compensation and related benefits   $ 3,247     $ 949  
Professional and legal fees     242       545  
Totals   $ 3,489     $ 1,494  
Net Loss Per Share

Net Loss Per Share

 

The Company computes basic and diluted earnings per share by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Basic and diluted net loss per common share were the same since the inclusion of common shares issuable pursuant to the exercise of options and warrants in the calculation of diluted net loss per common shares would have been anti-dilutive.

 

The following table summarizes the number of common shares and common share equivalents excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per common share for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

    For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
    2019     2018  
Options     121,796       1,624  
Warrants     93,252       52,632  
Convertible preferred stock     846       5  
Convertible note     --       3,811  
Reserved for service providers     --       25  
Totals     215,894       58,097  
Preferred Stock

Preferred Stock

 

The Company applies the accounting standards for distinguishing liabilities from equity under GAAP when determining the classification and measurement of its convertible preferred stock. Preferred shares subject to mandatory redemption are classified as liability instruments and are measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable preferred shares (including preferred shares that feature redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company's control) are classified as temporary equity. At all other times, preferred shares are classified as permanent equity. 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, notes receivable, accounts payable, and short-term debt. The Company determines the estimated fair value of such financial instruments presented in these financial statements using available market information and appropriate methodologies. These financial instruments, except for short-term debt, are stated at their respective historical carrying amounts, which approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. Short-term debt approximates market value based on similar terms available to the Company in the market place.

Reclassification

Reclassification

 

Certain accounts in the prior year's consolidated financial statements have been reclassified for comparative purposes to conform to the presentation in the current year's consolidated financial statements. These reclassifications have no effect on previously reported earnings.

Carrying Value, Recoverability and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Carrying Value, Recoverability and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company has adopted Section 360-10-35 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for its long-lived assets. Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 360-10-35-17, an impairment loss shall be recognized only if the carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) is not recoverable and exceeds its fair value. The carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the asset (asset group). That assessment shall be based on the carrying amount of the asset (asset group) at the date it is tested for recoverability. An impairment loss shall be measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) exceeds its fair value. Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 360-10-35-20 if an impairment loss is recognized, the adjusted carrying amount of a long-lived asset shall be its new cost basis. For a depreciable long-lived asset, the new cost basis shall be depreciated (amortized) over the remaining useful life of that asset. Restoration of a previously recognized impairment loss is prohibited.

 

Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 360-10-35-21, the Company's long-lived asset (asset group) is tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. The Company considers the following to be some examples of such events or changes in circumstances that may trigger an impairment review: (a) significant decrease in the market price of a long-lived asset (asset group); (b) a significant adverse change in the extent or manner in which a long-lived asset (asset group) is being used or in its physical condition; (c) a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate that could affect the value of a long-lived asset (asset group), including an adverse action or assessment by a regulator; (d) an accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of a long-lived asset (asset group); (e) a current-period operating or cash flow loss combined with a history of operating or cash flow losses or a projection or forecast that demonstrates continuing losses associated with the use of a long-lived asset (asset group); and (f) a current expectation that, more likely than not, a long-lived asset (asset group) will be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of its previously estimated useful life. The Company tests its long-lived assets for potential impairment indicators at least annually and more frequently upon the occurrence of such events.

  

Pursuant to ASC Paragraphs 360-10-35-29 through 35-36, estimates of future cash flows used to test the recoverability of a long-lived asset (asset group) shall include only the future cash flows (cash inflows less associated cash outflows) that are directly associated with and that are expected to arise as a direct result of the use and eventual disposition of the asset (asset group). Estimates of future cash flows used to test the recoverability of a long-lived asset (asset group) shall incorporate the entity's own assumptions about its use of the asset (asset group) and shall consider all available evidence. The assumptions used in developing those estimates shall be reasonable in relation to the assumptions used in developing other information used by the entity for comparable periods, such as internal budgets and projections, accruals related to incentive compensation plans, or information communicated to others. However, if alternative courses of action to recover the carrying amount of a long-lived asset (asset group) are under consideration or if a range is estimated for the amount of possible future cash flows associated with the likely course of action, the likelihood of those possible outcomes shall be considered. A probability-weighted approach may be useful in considering the likelihood of those possible outcomes. Estimates of future cash flows used to test the recoverability of a long-lived asset (asset group) shall be made for the remaining useful life of the asset (asset group) to the entity. For long-lived assets (asset groups) that have uncertainties both in timing and amount, an expected present value technique will often be the appropriate technique with which to estimate fair value. 

   

Pursuant to ASC Paragraphs 360-10-45-4 and 360-10-45-5 an impairment loss recognized for a long-lived asset (asset group) to be held and used shall be included in income from continuing operations before income taxes in the income statement of a business entity. If a subtotal such as income from operations is presented, it shall include the amount of that loss. A gain or loss recognized on the sale of a long-lived asset (disposal group) that is not a component of an entity shall be included in income from continuing operations before income taxes in the income statement of a business entity. If a subtotal such as income from operations is presented, it shall include the amounts of those gains or losses.

 

Based on its assessments, the Company did not record any impairment charges for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards

Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)," ("ASU 2016-02"). ASU 2016-02 requires an entity to recognize assets and liabilities arising from a lease for both financing and operating leases. ASU 2016-02 will also require new qualitative and quantitative disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. As a result of the new standard, all of the Company's leases greater than one year in duration are recognized in its balance sheets as both operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon adoption of the standard. The Company adopted the standard using the modified-retrospective method effective January 1, 2019. This adoption primarily affected the Company's consolidated balance sheet based on the recording of right-of-use assets and the lease liability, current and noncurrent, for its operating leases. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 did not change the Company's historical classification of these leases or the straight-line recognition of related expenses. Upon adoption, the Company recorded approximately $0.6 million in right-of-use assets and $0.7 million in operating lease liabilities on the Company's balance sheet.

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, "Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting," ("ASU 2018-07"). ASU 2018-07 expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. ASU 2018-07 also clarifies that Topic 718 does not apply to share-based payments used to effectively provide (1) financing to the issuer or (2) awards granted in conjunction with selling goods or services to customers as part of a contract accounted for under Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company has adopted this standard and the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on its financial statements or disclosures.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement," ("ASU 2018-13"). ASU 2018-13 requires application of the prospective method of transition (for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption) to the new disclosure requirements for (1) changes in unrealized gains and losses included in other comprehensive income and (2) the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. ASU 2018-13 also requires prospective application to any modifications to disclosures made because of the change to the requirements for the narrative description of measurement uncertainty. ASU 2018-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company has evaluated this standard and adoption does not have a material impact on its financials or disclosures.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments ("ASU 2016-13"). ASU 2016-13 introduces a new forward-looking approach, based on expected losses, to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables. The estimate of expected credit losses will require entities to incorporate considerations of historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts. ASU 2016-13 also expands the disclosure requirements to enable users of financial statements to understand the entity's assumptions, models and methods for estimating expected credit losses. For public business entities that meet the definition of a Securities and Exchange Commission filer and smaller reporting company, ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022, and the guidance is to be applied using the modified retrospective approach. Earlier adoption is permitted for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has evaluated this standard and adoption does not have a material impact on its financials or disclosures.

 

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments ("ASU 2019-04") and in May 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2019-05, Financial Instruments--Credit Losses (Topic 326) ("ASU 2019-05"). The Company is currently evaluating ASU 2016-13 and the related ASU 2019-04 and ASU 2019-05 to determine the impact to its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes," which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. ASU 2019-12 is effective for the Company beginning in fiscal 2021. The Company is currently assessing the impact that this pronouncement will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Reverse Stock Split

Reverse Stock Split

 

On February 6, 2018, the Company effected a 1-for-30 reverse stock split of its outstanding common stock, on November 2, 2018, the Company effected a 1-for-40 reverse stock split of its outstanding common stock and on January 7, 2020, the Company effected a 1-for-45 reverse stock split of its outstanding common stock. The consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes give effect to each of these reverse stock splits as if they occurred at the beginning of the first period presented.  

Subsequent Events

Subsequent Events

 

The Company evaluates events and/or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date and before the issue date of the consolidated financial statements to determine if any of those events and/or transactions requires adjustment to or disclosure in the consolidated financial statements.