Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Company's complete accounting policies are described in Note 2 to the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during each of the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company's significant estimates consist of:
In connection with certain transactions, the Company may be required to deposit assets, including cash or investment shares, in escrow accounts. The assets held in escrow are subject to various contingencies that may exist with respect to such transactions. Upon resolution of those contingencies or the expiration of the escrow period, some or all the escrow amounts may be used and the balance released to the Company. As of June 30, 2019, the Company had $140,000 deposited in escrow as restricted cash for the Shoom acquisition, of which any amounts not subject to claims shall be released to the pre-acquisition stockholders of Shoom, on a pro-rata basis, on each of the next (2) anniversary dates of the closing date of the Shoom acquisition. $70,000 of that amount is current and included in Prepaid Assets and Other Current Assets and $70,000 is non-current and included in Other Assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. As of June 30, 2018, the Company had $210,000 deposited in escrow as restricted cash for the Shoom acquisition, of which any amounts not subject to claims shall be released to the pre-acquisition stockholders of Shoom, on a pro-rata basis, on each of the next (3) anniversary dates of the closing date of the Shoom acquisition. $70,000 of that amount is current and included in Prepaid Assets and Other Current Assets and $140,000 is non-current and included in Other Assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2018.
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts show in the statement of cash flows.
The Company records revenue according to "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)", or ASU 2016-12, which requires revenue to be recognized either at a "point in time" or "over time", depending on the facts and circumstances of the arrangement, and is evaluated using a five-step model.
Software As A Service Revenue Recognition
With respect to sales of our maintenance, consulting and other service agreements, including our digital advertising and electronic services, customers pay fixed monthly fees in exchange for the Company's service. The Company's performance obligation is satisfied over time as the digital advertising and electronic services are provided continuously throughout the service period. The Company recognizes revenue evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing continuous access to its service.
Professional Services Revenue Recognition
The Company's professional services include fixed fee and time and materials contracts. Fixed fees are paid monthly, in phases, or upon acceptance of deliverables. The Company's time and materials contracts are paid weekly or monthly based on hours worked. Revenue on time and materials contracts is recognized based on a fixed hourly rate as direct labor hours are expended. Materials, or other specified direct costs, are reimbursed as actual costs and may include markup. The Company has elected the practical expedient to recognize revenue for the right to invoice because the Company's right to consideration corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the performance completed to date. For fixed fee contracts including maintenance service provided by in-house personnel, the Company recognizes revenue evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing continuous service. Because the Company's contracts have an expected duration of one year or less, the Company has elected the practical expedient in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606-10-50-14(a) to not disclose information about its remaining performance obligations. Anticipated losses are recognized as soon as they become known. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not incur any such losses. These amounts are based on known and estimated factors.
The timing of our revenue recognition may differ from the timing of payment by our customers. The Company records a receivable when revenue is recognized prior to payment and the Company has an unconditional right to payment. Alternatively, when payment precedes the provision of the related services, the Company records deferred revenue until the performance obligations are satisfied. The Company had deferred revenue of approximately $195,000 as of June 30, 2019 related to cash received in advance for product maintenance services provided by the Company's technical staff. The Company expects to satisfy its remaining performance obligations for these maintenance services and recognize the deferred revenue and related contract costs over the next twelve months after June 30, 2019.
The Company accounts for options granted to employees by measuring the cost of services received in exchange for the award of equity instruments based upon the fair value of the award on the date of grant. The fair value of that award is then ratably recognized as an expense over the period during which the recipient is required to provide services in exchange for that award.
Options and warrants granted to consultants and other non-employees are recorded at fair value as of the grant date and subsequently adjusted to fair value at the end of each reporting period until such options and warrants vest, and the fair value of such instruments, as adjusted, is expensed over the related vesting period.
The Company incurred stock-based compensation charges of $858,000 and $571,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $1,748,000 and $857,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which are included in general and administrative expenses. The Company recognizes forfeitures as they occur. The following table summarizes the nature of such charges for the periods then ended (in thousands):
Net Loss Per Share
The Company computes basic and diluted earnings per share by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Basic and diluted net loss per common share were the same since the inclusion of common shares issuable pursuant to the exercise of options and warrants in the calculation of diluted net loss per common shares would have been anti-dilutive.
The following table summarizes the number of common shares and common share equivalents excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per common share for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:
The Company applies the accounting standards for distinguishing liabilities from equity under GAAP when determining the classification and measurement of its convertible preferred stock. Preferred shares subject to mandatory redemption are classified as liability instruments and are measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable preferred shares (including preferred shares that feature redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company's control) are classified as temporary equity. At all other times, preferred shares are classified as permanent equity.
Certain accounts in the prior year's consolidated financial statements have been reclassified for comparative purposes to conform to the presentation in the current year's consolidated financial statements. These reclassifications have no effect on previously reported earnings.
Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)," ("ASU 2016-02"). ASU 2016-02 requires an entity to recognize assets and liabilities arising from a lease for both financing and operating leases. ASU 2016-02 will also require new qualitative and quantitative disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. As a result of the new standard, all of our leases greater than one year in duration are recognized in our balance sheets as both operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon adoption of the standard. The Company adopted the standard using the prospective approach. Upon adoption, we recorded approximately $0.6 million in right-of-use assets and $0.7 million in operating lease liabilities on our balance sheet.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, "Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting," ("ASU 2018-07"). ASU 2018-07 expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. ASU 2018-07 also clarifies that Topic 718 does not apply to share-based payments used to effectively provide (1) financing to the issuer or (2) awards granted in conjunction with selling goods or services to customers as part of a contract accounted for under Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning
after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company has adopted this standard and the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on its financial statements or disclosures.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement," ("ASU 2018-13"). ASU 2018-13 requires application of the prospective method of transition (for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption) to the new disclosure requirements for (1) changes in unrealized gains and losses included in other comprehensive income and (2) the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. ASU 2018-13 also requires prospective application to any modifications to disclosures made because of the change to the requirements for the narrative description of measurement uncertainty. ASU 2018-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year.
The Company evaluates events and/or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date and before the issue date of the condensed consolidated financial statements to determine if any of those events and/or transactions requires adjustment to or disclosure in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef